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Selected Sustainability Goals
Below are summaries of selected sustainability-related goals and commitments.
Urban Environmental Accords
In 2005, Mayor Jerry Brown joined 50 mayors of the world's largest and most visionary cities as an original signer of the United Nations World Environment Day Urban Environmental Accords. The Oakland City Council affirmed the City's commitment by adopting the Urban Environmental Accords Resolution (PDF) in 2006. The Urban Environmental Accords call upon cities to pursue the following 21 actions to build an ecologically sustainable, economically dynamic and socially equitable future:
Action 1 - Adopt and implement a policy to increase the use of renewable energy to meet ten per cent of the city’s peak electrical load within seven years.
Action 2 - Adopt and implement a policy to reduce the city’s peak electric load by ten per cent within seven years seven years through energy efficiency, shifting the timing of energy demands, and conservation measures.
Action 3 - Adopt a citywide green house gas reduction plan the reduces the jurisdictions emissions by twenty five percent by 2030, and which includes a system for accounting and auditing greenhouse gas emissions.
Action 4 - Establish a policy to achieve zero waste to landfills and incinerators by 2040.
Action 5 - Adopt a citywide law that reduces the use of a disposable, toxic or non-renewable product category by at least per cent in seven years.
Action 6 - Implemented “user-friendly” recycling and composting programs, with the goal of reducing by twenty per cent per capita solid waste disposal to landfill and incineration in seven years.
Action 7 - Adopt a policy that mandates a green building rating system standard that applies to all new municipal buildings.
Action 8 - Adopt urban planning principles that advance higher density, mixed use, walkable, bikeable and disabled-accessible neighborhoods which coordinate land use and transportation with open space systems for recreation and ecological restoration.
Action 9 - Adopt a policy or implement a program that creates environmentally beneficial jobs in slums and/or low-income neighborhoods.
Action 10 - Ensure that there is an accessible park or recreational open space within half-a-kilometer of every city resident by 2015.
Action 11 - Conduct an inventory of existing canopy coverage in the city; and then establish a goal based on ecological and community considerations to plant and maintain canopy coverage in not less than fifty per cent of all available sidewalk plating sites.
Action 12 - Pass legislation that protects critical habitat corridors and other key habitat characteristics (e.g. water features, food bearing plants, shelter for wildlife, use of native species, etc.) from unsustainable development.
Action 13 - Develop and implement a policy which expands affordable public transportation coverage to within half-a-kilometer of all city residents in ten years.
Action 14 - Pass a law or implement a program that eliminates leaded gasoline (where it is still used); and that phases down sulfur levels in diesel and gasoline fuels, concurrent with using advanced emission controls on all buses, taxis, and public fleets to reduce particulate matter and smog-forming emissions from those fleets by fifty per cent in seven years.
Action 15 - Implement a policy to reduce the percentage of commute trips by single occupancy vehicles by ten per cent in seven years.
Action 16 - Every year, identify one product, chemicals, or compounds that is used within the city that represents the greatest risk to human health and adopt a law to provide incentives to reduce or eliminate its use by the municipal government.
Action 17 - Promote the public health and environmental benefits of supporting organic foods . Ensure that twenty per cent of all city facilities (including schools) serve locally grown and organic food within seven years.
Action 18 - Establish an Air Quality Index (AQI) to measure the level of air pollution and set the goal of reducing by ten per cent in seven years the number of days categorized in the AQI range as "unhealthy" to "hazardous."
Action 19 - Develop policies to increase adequate access to safe drinking water, aiming at access for all by 2015. For cities with potable water consumption greater than 100 liters per capita per day, adopt and implement policies to reduce consumption by ten per cent by 2015.
Action 20 - Protect the ecological integrity of the city’s primary drinking water sources (i.e. aquifers, rivers, lakes, wetlands and associated eco-systems).
Action 21 - Adopt municipal wastewater management guidelines and reduce the volume of untreated wastewater discharge by ten per cent in seven years through the expanded use of recycled water and the implementation of sustainable urban watershed planning process that includes participants of all affected communities and is based on sound economic, social, and environmental principles.